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United Nations Culture of Peace: Historic Timeline

By Justin Curmi (2019)



1940s

  1. 1945

  2. UNESCO’s Constitution: The creation of the organization that will later strive for the Culture of Peace. This can be seen in the preamble of its Constitution, which states, “Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed” (1945).

1980s

  1. 1986

  2. Cultura de Paz: The idea to use the term culture of peace was inspired by an educational initiative called Cultura de paz developed in Peru and by the Seville Statement on Violence.

  3. 1989

  4. Congress on Peace in the Minds of Men: A meeting that essentially stated that the aims of civilization and society is to strive for peace and interculturalism. Peace is the ultimate and inherent good.

  5. UNESCO Seville Statement on Violence: A statement that humankind is neither inherently violent nor biologically programed to cause war.

1990s

  1. 1992

  2. 140 EX/28: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization holds its Hundred and fortieth Session. On the agenda (Item 5.4.2) is the Culture of Peace, proposed by H. E. Mr Ahmed Sayyad.

  3. UNESCO Members adopted a Culture of Peace Programme to bring peace to conflict zones.

  4. 1994

  5. Forum on the Culture of Peace: First international forum on the Culture of Peace in San Salvador, El Salvador to promote and discuss the culture of peace.

  6. 1995

  7. UNESCO Women and a Culture of Peace Programme: The UNESCO Women and a Culture of Peace Programme was established after the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China, to promote gender equality and gather proposals on how to combat the issue.

  8. Second Forum on the Culture of Peace: Second International forum on the Culture of Peace in Manila, Philippine to promote and discuss the culture of peace.

  9. 1997

  10. A/RES/52/15: Proclamation of the year 2000 as the International Year for the Culture of Peace.

  11. First international conferences on male roles, masculinities and violence in 1997, in Oslo: A group of experts conveyed in Oslo in 1997 to discuss the matter of gender equality and the role of males. This meeting was later to produce an UNESCO book, “Male roles, masculinities and violence.”

  12. 1998

  13. Declaration on “The Dialogue Among the Three Monotheistic Religions: Towards a Culture of Peace:” Representatives from Judaism, Christianity, and Islam meet in rabat, Morocco to discuss how to promote the culture of peace within each respective religion.

  14. International Forum on “A Culture of Peace and Dialogue of Civilizations, against a Culture of War and Violence:” Kishinev, Republic of Moldova on the culture of peace and how to promote is within each culture.

  15. Second International Symposium "For a Culture of Peace in the Third Millennium: Held in Baden-Baden, Germany to discuss on how to talk about harsh realities of history in such a way to promote a culture of peace.

  16. UN General Assembly Resolution A/53/25 - International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Nonviolence for the Children of the World (2001–2010).

  17. 1999

  18. Hanoi statement on the culture of peace national workshop on a culture of Peace Hanoi, Viet Nam, 15 May 1999: A workshop of thinkers and intellectuals to discuss the culture of peace.

  19. UN General Assembly Resolution A/53/243: A declaration on a Culture of Peace.


2000s

  1. 2000

  2. The Manifesto 2000 on a Culture of Peace: A pledge to six ideas that promote a culture of peace through inspiring nonviolence and tolerance.

  3. A goal of 100 million was set, but only more than 75 million people signed the Manifesto 2000.

  4. UN Security Council Resolution SC 1325: A resolution that aims to incorporate women more in the diplomatic process of creating a culture of peace.

  5. 2001

  6. Sep 2001- The traumatic event of the plane crashing into the Twin Towers has lead to a change in policy, which resulted in the war on terror. In addition, this has lead to an increase in spending and trade on military weapons and other lethal gear.

  7. A/56/349: International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Nonviolence for the Children of the World: Report of the Secretary-General.

  8. A56/5 : International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Nonviolence for the Children of the World, 2001-2010.

  9. 2004

  10. Culture of Peace Exhibit: "Building a Culture of Peace for the Children of the World," an exhibit sponsored by SGI-USA that coalesced different cultures to promote the ideas of culture of peace through the arts.

  11. 2012

  12. Human Rights Council Resolution 20/15: Reaffirm and promote that all humans should share the same rights that was established in the original UN chart.

  13. This created the Open-Ended Working Group on the Right to Peace.

  14. 2015

  15. Nobel Peace Prize Nomination: Nominated for a Nobel Peace prize by IPB (International Bureau of Peace).

  16. 2016

  17. Thematic Cluster for Peace: created in the NGO Major Group, this Thematic Cluster is based on the Programme of Action for a Culture of Peace, and seeks synthesis between the Programme of Action and the Sustainable Development Agenda for 2030.





Bibliography


Important Links


The timeline provided by UNESCO


© Nonviolence International 2018

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