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Developing a Culture of Peace: A History of the Non-Aligned Movement

By Sakshi Agarwal

It was the year 1949. The world was still healing from the horrors of the Second World War. Tensions were brewing between the two great superpowers of the time — the United States and the USSR. Two competing ideologies — the liberal capitalism of the West vs. the Marxist-Leninist communism of the East. A Cold War had just begun. Cold, because neither countries declared all-out war on the other. The US and its Western allies had just ratified the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Four years later, the USSR and its supporters signed the Warsaw Pact. The world was now effectively divided into two military blocs.

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