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Nonviolent  Journal

Welcome to the

People are rightfully frustrated with peace efforts. They ask, “why is there so much violence in the world? Why can’t anyone do anything about it? Will there ever be world peace?”

Join us as we explore some solutions from around the globe.

Chapter 1: The Theory of Peace and Conflict of Johan Galtung

Introduction to the Page:

Johan Galtung introduces basic concepts and terms of modern peacework:

  • Negative Peace

    • Peacemaking

    • Peacekeeping

  • Positive Peace

    • Peacebuilding

      • Equity

      • Entropy

      • Symbiosis

      • Broad Scope

      • Large Domain

      • Superstructure

    • Direct or Individual Positive Peace

    • Structural Positive Peace

    • Cultural Positive Peace

Peacebuilding is about creation of long-term peace (next chapter), but often that effort cannot begin until violence is stopped or prevented (Negative Peace), and that speaks to the necessity of Negative Peace. The full integration of Negative and Positive Peace (Peacebuilding) takes place in the new movement at the UN - Sustaining Peace (chapter 6).

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Chapter 2: Peacebuilding

Peacebuilding is distinguished by it’s priority of creating long-term peace through deep changes in society that correct oppressive elements in political and social structures and the culture as well as trainings in nonviolent communications and conflict resolution and education that includes peace education.

Central to success in Peacebuilding is the practice of Nonviolence (chapter 4). The successful practice of Peacebuilding creates a Culture of Peace (chapter 5).

Sections:

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Chapter 3: Social and Sustainable Development

Galtung shows how creating long-term sustainable peace requires respect for human and civil rights, equality, justice, etc., and since the UN also recognizes the strong interdependence between peace and development, in that you cannot have one without the other, therefore the development of the fields of human development at the UN have come to include the need for respect for human and civil rights, equality, justice, environmentalism, etc. And thus Peacebuilding programs developed to build a lasting peace are dramatically similar to the kind of programs developed to fulfill the goals of Sustainable and Social Development, and in fact one of the goals of Sustainable Development (Goal 16) is peace, justice and strong (democratic) institutions.

This is an important parallel at the United Nations that connects huge parallel operational processes.

Chapter 4: Nonviolence

At the core of Peacebuilding is trainings in nonviolent communications and conflict resolution. But nonviolent action extends beyond techniques for enhancing peace to methods of peacekeeping and peacemaking that help bring about peace and justice in violent and oppressive situations.

Such trainings and education are central toward creating a Culture of Peace (next chapter).

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Chapter 5: Culture of Peace

The core principles of Galtung’s Theory of Peace are embodied in the United Nations Program for a Culture of Peace, which is primarily described in UN Resolution 53/243.

Just as in Galtung’s teachings, the Culture of Peace is distinguished by a culture of human rights, equality, inclusiveness, nonviolence, education, communications, cooperation, etc.

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